While the peculiar concept of the transmigration of souls was downplayed by some Būyid-era scholars, some forms of the doctrine can be found in the earliest and most central Shīʿi texts. This article reviews sources that may help us understand [...]

Substitutionary atonement is a soteriological term that is usually associated with Christianity. Although Islam is popularly known to reject such a notion, an altered version of this form of salvation may exist in high Imāmological Shīʿism.[...]