The identity of Master Fard Muhammad, the founder of the Nation of Islam, has puzzled scholars for decades. A new book by John Andrew Morrow may help us better determine his origins.[...]

A cross-pollination of religious influences in pre-Islamic Arabia resulted in a budding monotheistic tradition and conception of prophethood.[...]

Bernard Carra de Vaux in his response to colonial journalist Edmond Fazy, details the steps which Western colonial powers must take to preserve their imperial hold on Muslim populations.[...]

A critical review of Matthew Pierce’s Twelve Infallible Men (2016) and evaluates his approaches to the study of Shīʿi ḥadīth sources.[...]

This article examines the early Islamic notion that Adam, the promulgator of the human species, descended to India from heaven. Readers are introduced to Adam's Peak, a mysterious mountain in Sri Lanka that is revered by some Muslims, Buddhists, [...]

Marshall Hodgson gives a thoughtful analysis into some of the spiritual traditions in Shīʿism and the possible outside influences on those traditions. However, he fails to keep the same critical standards in his analysis of historical Sufism.[...]